Library and Information Science
Contributing groundbreaking innovation and thought-leadership to library and information science.
The article, titled “Using Technology to Support Equity and Inclusion in Youth Library Programming: Current Practices and Future Opportunities,” describes the findings of the first year of the three-year IMLS-funded ConnectedLib project.
Citizen science monitoring of local watersheds is crucial for water conservation and activism. Both quantitative and qualitative metrics are used to evaluate stream habitats, however water biologists suggest that qualitative assessment tasks are too nuanced for citizen scientists to learn because they rely on background knowledge and past stream experiences.
Much of behavioral psychology is centered around standard psychological surveys, which are immensely helpful. In 2014, researchers released a Single Item Narcissism Scale (SINS), a 1-question “survey” that could measure narcissism as accurately as the more common 16- and 41-question surveys.
Human milk (HM) is regarded as optimal nutrition for infants and the perfect version of milk for the first years of life.
Niklas Elmqvist explores the combination of smartwatches and a large interactive display, such as a touchscreen, to support visual data analysis.
Designing Technology to Increase Adoption of Healthy Behaviors in Men in the Context of Light Food Consumption
The general problem of rising obesity is widely understood as a health threat. Men participate in more risky behaviors which are deemed masculine, and are hesitant to adopt healthy behaviors which are deemed feminine.
A prestigious, invited literature review paper is in progress, but the author and reviewers think it would be an even stronger paper with some more research into relevant literature.
Balancing Personal and Public Regions on Social Media: Exploring What WeChat Moments Tells Us About Temporality
In most systems, the digital footprints people leave behind are archived by default, whether it’s a message sent in Facebook’s Messenger app or every edit made on a Google Doc. Automatic archiving supports collaboration, provides backup or evidence when needed, helps people reminisce, and supports reflection.
Datafication of original records at the National Archives to expand the Global Journeys; Local Communities project’s records dataset
The Global Journeys; Local Communities Project identifies, digitizes, data files and indexes records documenting American citizens and their families who emigrated from the United States to live permanently abroad.
Electronic Health Record Implementation Findings at a Large, Suburban Health and Human Services Department
While most hospitals and outpatient clinics have made the transition to electronic health records (EHRs), this is not the case for public health departments.
Infrastructure (or the lack thereof) for collective design: The case of community access to high-speed Internet in the city of Baltimore
Foundational research by Vanessa Frias-Martinez and Gerrit Knaap has revealed that in Baltimore, many residents live in neighborhoods that lack “Last Mile” connections to the Internet cable infrastructure, and consequently lack reliable access to high-speed Internet.
This study aims to further explore the potential opportunities in understanding self-tracking in a team sports context. The findings of this study will help the researcher map out the design space surrounding the various goals, needs, group dynamics and choice of tools that influence self-managing of an athlete’s sports performance.
Assessing the Value of an Online Repository of Local Resources for People Who Have Chronic Health Conditions
Drawing on an exploratory study involving 15 semi-structured in-depth interviews with individuals who have chronic health conditions, this study investigates their experiences searching for information on local resources to manage their health more effectively.
UX designers and developers who build user-facing systems have the power to shape the experiences of those who interact with their products. Without meaning to these creators can produce systems that reflect their own unconscious social biases.
The Center for the Advanced Study of Communities and Information (CASCI) is a core scholarly community-building organization within the College of Information Studies. CASCI exists to facilitate research and education that advances our understanding of the technology, information, and organization approaches needed to realize the potential of 21st-century communities to support learning, facilitate innovation, transform science and scholarship, promote economic development, and enhance individual and civic well-being.
Milk Expression Research Lab (MERL): Proof of concept and feasibility of an investigation into claimed versus actual breast pump specifications and performance
Human milk (HM) provides optimal nutrition for infants and the perfect version of milk for the first years of life. However, a variety of barriers to breastfeeding exist and, while the overwhelming majority of parents initiate breastfeeding at birth, most do not breastfeed for as long as they initially desired, despite the negative health and emotional consequences associated with early breastfeeding cessation.
The Global Public Inclusive Infrastructure (GPII) will be tested in libraries with a focus on serving users with disabilities. Also, a tool will be developed to help people find and use assistive technologies and access features in everyday technologies.
Do scientists and their institutions follow the hottest topics to study, just as teenagers chase fads and fashions? If so, what happens to these scientists and their institutions? This research project examines some of the important aspects of the fashion phenomenon in science
King’s College London’s Department of Digital Humanities, together with the University of Maryland iSchool Digital Curation Innovation Center (US), the Maryland State Archives (US), and The National Archives (UK), were awarded a 1-year International Research Networking grant for UK-US Collaborations in Digital Scholarship in Cultural Institutions.
As machine learning (ML) techniques have become sophisticated and pervasive, ethical concerns have followed. Recent headlines have declared “Amazon scraps secret AI recruiting tool that showed bias against women,” “Google Photos labeled black people 'gorillas,'” and “U.S. charges Facebook with racial discrimination in targeted housing ads” (Dastin, 2018; Guyunn, 2015; Rana & Paul, 2019).
Establishing and Testing Best Practices in the Digital Curation of Collections at the National Agricultural Library
The National Agricultural Library acquires, organizes, provides access to, and preserves agriculture literature and its data for the U.S. Department of Agriculture. It needs research on the best practices for creating and curating its digital collections.
In this study, I propose studying how technology can help Data Science collaboration for teams with interdisciplinary members. In particular, I will study how the members develop Transactive Memory System (TMS), a cognitive mechanism through which a group of individuals encode, store, and retrieve information and knowledge by knowing what others know (Wegner, 1987). Developing TMS is especially important for teams whose members are from multiple backgrounds.
Many users have topics that they follow over time, whether for personal or professional reasons. The user has an ongoing interest in understanding what changes are happening in their overall topic area.
University of Maryland College of Information Studies Digital Curation Fellows Program at the National Agricultural Library
This fellows program advances a new field of study and builds a workforce in the field of digital curation and user access with an emphasis on agriculture and agricultural informatics.
Smart speaker-based voice assistants such as Amazon’s Alexa, Apple’s Siri, Google assistant, etc. have an increasing presence in many users’ everyday activities. Compared to smartphone-based voice assistants (e.g., Siri on a smartphone), smart speakers have unique qualities.
This project responds to the IMLS National Leadership Grants for Libraries (funding category: Research in Service to Practice), focusing specifically on helping library staff evaluate and improve computational thinking (CT) programming for youth (ages 11-18).
The University of Maryland iSchool is seeking $101,593 to host the Counted In: National Forum on Libraries, Census 2020, and New Americans, a one-day pre-conference event on promoting census participation among immigrants.
Sustaining Digital Community Collections: Understanding the Impact of Development Workflows Across Contexts
This project investigates roles that cultural heritage institutions may play in community-centered strategies for sustaining digital community archives and digital humanities collections over time. The project will develop models of maintenance workflows for digital collections, roles for libraries and archives in those workflows, and a toolkit for stakeholder communities and memory institutions.
To establish a collaboration between the University of Maryland College of Information Studies (iSchool) and the United States Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Library (NAL) that capitalizes on the iSchool’s Digital Curation program in order to help develop a robust data curation infrastructure.
Piloting an Online National Collaborative Network for Integrating Computational Thinking into Library and Archival Education and Practice
This project focuses on participants who have a master's-level education in order to target the professional development of future practitioners across the nation.
Enhancing Digital Privacy and Security Skills for Low-Socioeconomic Families: Resources for Librarians and Patrons
The project detailed below responds to the IMLS National Leadership Grants for Libraries (Research grant category) and covers a three-year period from December 2016 to November 2019. The direct audiences for this research grant are economically disadvantaged families in Maryland and the public librarians that serve them.
This project will provide continuing education opportunities to library staff in small and rural libraries on how to embed connected learning (CL) principles into teen programs and services.
Understanding data from everyday life could help professionals, policymakers, and citizens make our society better, fairer, and more efficient. For example, imagine hunting for a house by walking through the neighborhood in which you want to live and discovering facts about the area from social media, census data, and nearby schools.
Today's search engines are designed principally to help people find what they want to see. Paradoxically, the fact that search engines do this well means that there are many collections that can't be searched.
Increasing Public Access to Archival Holdings of the Mary McLeod Bethune Council House National Historic Site through Student Processing Internships
KNEXT is a three-year collaborative project between Kent State University (KSU-SLIS) and the University of Maryland (UMD-CIS), which partners with local public libraries, small business development centers, economic development organizations, and community advocacy groups to bring advanced data analytics and business intelligence (DA&BI) services to public libraries in order to support small businesses, entrepreneurs, and community advocates within two recovering communities in Ohio and Maryland.
The Overseas Pension Project is a team of archivists, historians, genealogists, and information managers with a common mission: exploring data trapped within 200 year old archival documents.
Citizen science is a form of collaboration that engages non-professionals as contributors to scientific research, typically through the processes of gathering, transforming or analyzing data.
Individuals with chronic health conditions often do not translate knowledge of appropriate health behaviors to manage their condition into active lifestyle changes.
UMD held a workshop to create the building blocks of a Master's level educational curriculum to educate the next generation of librarians and archivists in the computational treatments of collections.
REFORMA Mid-Atlantic Chapter and Prince George’s Public Library System on a one-year pilot project to introduce refugees and immigrants to the library professions through a self-paced mini-course.