Library and Information Science

Library and Information Science

Contributing groundbreaking innovation and thought-leadership to library and information science.

Research Projects

ConnectedLib Open Access Publication

The article, titled “Using Technology to Support Equity and Inclusion in Youth Library Programming: Current Practices and Future Opportunities,” describes the findings of the first year of the three-year IMLS-funded ConnectedLib project.

StreamBED VR

Citizen science monitoring of local watersheds is crucial for water conservation and activism. Both quantitative and qualitative metrics are used to evaluate stream habitats, however water biologists suggest that qualitative assessment tasks are too nuanced for citizen scientists to learn because they rely on background knowledge and past stream experiences.

Replication Study of the Single Item Narcissism Scale

Much of behavioral psychology is centered around standard psychological surveys, which are immensely helpful. In 2014, researchers released a Single Item Narcissism Scale (SINS), a 1-question “survey” that could measure narcissism as accurately as the more common 16- and 41-question surveys.

Breastfeeding without nursing: The information behavior of those who exclusively pump human milk

Human milk (HM) is regarded as optimal nutrition for infants and the perfect version of milk for the first years of life.

David and Goliath: Combining Smartwatches and Large Displays

Niklas Elmqvist explores the combination of smartwatches and a large interactive display, such as a touchscreen, to support visual data analysis.

Designing Technology to Increase Adoption of Healthy Behaviors in Men in the Context of Light Food Consumption

The general problem of rising obesity is widely understood as a health threat. Men participate in more risky behaviors which are deemed masculine, and are hesitant to adopt healthy behaviors which are deemed feminine.

Contributing to the review of research in education

A prestigious, invited literature review paper is in progress, but the author and reviewers think it would be an even stronger paper with some more research into relevant literature.

Balancing Personal and Public Regions on Social Media: Exploring What WeChat Moments Tells Us About Temporality

In most systems, the digital footprints people leave behind are archived by default, whether it’s a message sent in Facebook’s Messenger app or every edit made on a Google Doc. Automatic archiving supports collaboration, provides backup or evidence when needed, helps people reminisce, and supports reflection.

Datafication of original records at the National Archives to expand the Global Journeys; Local Communities project’s records dataset

The Global Journeys; Local Communities Project identifies, digitizes, data files and indexes records documenting American citizens and their families who emigrated from the United States to live permanently abroad.

Electronic Health Record Implementation Findings at a Large, Suburban Health and Human Services Department

While most hospitals and outpatient clinics have made the transition to electronic health records (EHRs), this is not the case for public health departments.

Infrastructure (or the lack thereof) for collective design: The case of community access to high-speed Internet in the city of Baltimore

Foundational research by Vanessa Frias-Martinez and Gerrit Knaap has revealed that in Baltimore, many residents live in neighborhoods that lack “Last Mile” connections to the Internet cable infrastructure, and consequently lack reliable access to high-speed Internet.

Personal Tracking in Groups: Exploring Tracking Behavior in Sports Teams

This study aims to further explore the potential opportunities in understanding self-tracking in a team sports context. The findings of this study will help the researcher map out the design space surrounding the various goals, needs, group dynamics and choice of tools that influence self-managing of an athlete’s sports performance.

Assessing the Value of an Online Repository of Local Resources for People Who Have Chronic Health Conditions

Drawing on an exploratory study involving 15 semi-structured in-depth interviews with individuals who have chronic health conditions, this study investigates their experiences searching for information on local resources to manage their health more effectively.

Helping Students Recognize How Their Implicit Biases Affect Technology Designs

UX designers and developers who build user-facing systems have the power to shape the experiences of those who interact with their products. Without meaning to these creators can produce systems that reflect their own unconscious social biases.

Planning and Capacity Building for the Next Generation of CASCI

​The Center for the Advanced Study of Communities and Information (CASCI) is a core scholarly community-building organization within the College of Information Studies. CASCI exists to facilitate research and education that advances our understanding of the technology, information, and organization approaches needed to realize the potential of 21st-century communities to support learning, facilitate innovation, transform science and scholarship, promote economic development, and enhance individual and civic well-being.

Milk Expression Research Lab (MERL): Proof of concept and feasibility of an investigation into claimed versus actual breast pump specifications and performance

​Human milk (HM) provides optimal nutrition for infants and the perfect version of milk for the first years of life. However, a variety of barriers to breastfeeding exist and, while the overwhelming majority of parents initiate breastfeeding at birth, most do not breastfeed for as long as they initially desired, despite the negative health and emotional consequences associated with early breastfeeding cessation.

RERC on Universal Interface and Information Technology Access

The Global Public Inclusive Infrastructure (GPII) will be tested in libraries with a focus on serving users with disabilities. Also, a tool will be developed to help people find and use assistive technologies and access features in everyday technologies.

Fashion in Computer and Information Sciences: Lifecycles, Drivers, and Consequences

Do scientists and their institutions follow the hottest topics to study, just as teenagers chase fads and fashions? If so, what happens to these scientists and their institutions? This research project examines some of the important aspects of the fashion phenomenon in science

IRCN-CAS: International Research Collaboration in Computational Archival Science

King’s College London’s Department of Digital Humanities, together with the University of Maryland iSchool Digital Curation Innovation Center (US), the Maryland State Archives (US), and The National Archives (UK), were awarded a 1-year International Research Networking grant for UK-US Collaborations in Digital Scholarship in Cultural Institutions.

Ethical Sensitivity in Training Data Curation Among Machine Learning Engineers

As machine learning (ML) techniques have become sophisticated and pervasive, ethical concerns have followed. Recent headlines have declared “Amazon scraps secret AI recruiting tool that showed bias against women,” “Google Photos labeled black people 'gorillas,'” and “U.S. charges Facebook with racial discrimination in targeted housing ads” (Dastin, 2018; Guyunn, 2015; Rana & Paul, 2019).

Establishing and Testing Best Practices in the Digital Curation of Collections at the National Agricultural Library

The National Agricultural Library acquires, organizes, provides access to, and preserves agriculture literature and its data for the U.S. Department of Agriculture. It needs research on the best practices for creating and curating its digital collections.

Leveraging Transactive Memory Systems In Data Science Collaborations

In this study, I propose studying how technology can help Data Science collaboration for teams with interdisciplinary members. In particular, I will study how the members develop Transactive Memory System (TMS), a cognitive mechanism through which a group of individuals encode, store, and retrieve information and knowledge by knowing what others know (Wegner, 1987). Developing TMS is especially important for teams whose members are from multiple backgrounds.

Daybreak User Study

Many users have topics that they follow over time, whether for personal or professional reasons. The user has an ongoing interest in understanding what changes are happening in their overall topic area.

University of Maryland College of Information Studies Digital Curation Fellows Program at the National Agricultural Library

This fellows program advances a new field of study and builds a workforce in the field of digital curation and user access with an emphasis on agriculture and agricultural informatics.

Customizing Voice-based Smart Home Technologies

Smart speaker-based voice assistants such as Amazon’s Alexa, Apple’s Siri, Google assistant, etc. have an increasing presence in many users’ everyday activities. Compared to smartphone-based voice assistants (e.g., Siri on a smartphone), smart speakers have unique qualities.

Capturing Computational Thinking Literacy Development in Public Libraries

This project responds to the IMLS National Leadership Grants for Libraries (funding category: Research in Service to Practice), focusing specifically on helping library staff evaluate and improve computational thinking (CT) programming for youth (ages 11-18).

Counted In: National Forum on Libraries, Census 2020, and New Americans

The University of Maryland iSchool is seeking $101,593 to host the Counted In: National Forum on Libraries, Census 2020, and New Americans, a one-day pre-conference event on promoting census participation among immigrants.

Sustaining Digital Community Collections: Understanding the Impact of Development Workflows Across Contexts

This project investigates roles that cultural heritage institutions may play in community-centered strategies for sustaining digital community archives and digital humanities collections over time. The project will develop models of maintenance workflows for digital collections, roles for libraries and archives in those workflows, and a toolkit for stakeholder communities and memory institutions.

Developing a Data Curation Program for Agricultural Information

To establish a collaboration between the University of Maryland College of Information Studies (iSchool) and the United States Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Library (NAL) that capitalizes on the iSchool’s Digital Curation program in order to help develop a robust data curation infrastructure.

Piloting an Online National Collaborative Network for Integrating Computational Thinking into Library and Archival Education and Practice

This project focuses on participants who have a master's-level education in order to target the professional development of future practitioners across the nation.

Enhancing Digital Privacy and Security Skills for Low-Socioeconomic Families: Resources for Librarians and Patrons

The project detailed below responds to the IMLS National Leadership Grants for Libraries (Research grant category) and covers a three-year period from December 2016 to November 2019. The direct audiences for this research grant are economically disadvantaged families in Maryland and the public librarians that serve them.

Connecting small and rural libraries to connected learning

This project will provide continuing education opportunities to library staff in small and rural libraries on how to embed connected learning (CL) principles into teen programs and services.

III: Small: DataWorld: Externalizing Hidden Data Flows for Anywhere Analytics

Understanding data from everyday life could help professionals, policymakers, and citizens make our society better, fairer, and more efficient. For example, imagine hunting for a house by walking through the neighborhood in which you want to live and discovering facts about the area from social media, census data, and nearby schools.

III:Small:Safely Searching Among Sensitive Content

Today's search engines are designed principally to help people find what they want to see. Paradoxically, the fact that search engines do this well means that there are many collections that can't be searched.

Increasing Public Access to Archival Holdings of the Mary McLeod Bethune Council House National Historic Site through Student Processing Internships

Library Knowledge Extensions (KNEXT): Data Analytics to Support Innovation Communities

KNEXT is a three-year collaborative project between Kent State University (KSU-SLIS) and the University of Maryland (UMD-CIS), which partners with local public libraries, small business development centers, economic development organizations, and community advocacy groups to bring advanced data analytics and business intelligence (DA&BI) services to public libraries in order to support small businesses, entrepreneurs, and community advocates within two recovering communities in Ohio and Maryland.

Overseas Pension Project

The Overseas Pension Project is a team of archivists, historians, genealogists, and information managers with a common mission: exploring data trapped within 200 year old archival documents.

Advancing the Science of Citizen Science

Citizen science is a form of collaboration that engages non-professionals as contributors to scientific research, typically through the processes of gathering, transforming or analyzing data.

Crowdsourcing community resources to help individuals manage chronic health conditions

Individuals with chronic health conditions often do not translate knowledge of appropriate health behaviors to manage their condition into active lifestyle changes.

Developing a Computational Framework for Library and Archival Education

UMD held a workshop to create the building blocks of a Master's level educational curriculum to educate the next generation of librarians and archivists in the computational treatments of collections.

Integrating Immigrants Into the LIS Workforce: A Pilot, Collaborative Project

REFORMA Mid-Atlantic Chapter and Prince George’s Public Library System on a one-year pilot project to introduce refugees and immigrants to the library professions through a self-paced mini-course.

Library and Information Science News

Reimagining How Libraries Can Serve Youth During COVID-19

  • Dr. Mega Subramaniam's project involves helping libraries adapt to support youth and their families with the transition to online learning. 

School Library Journal: The Right and Wrong Way To Make Decisions in a Crisis | Reimagining Libraries, featuring Mega Subramaniam

  • As a part of her crowdsourcing project to reimagine libraries, Mega Subramaniam published her fourth SLJ article, discussing how decisions are made in a library during an emergency. 

MLIS Student Working to Connect Library Services to Children

  • MLIS student Angela Pfeiffer discusses her responsibilities as a Children's Library Associate II and how her role has changed during COVID-19.

BSIS Student Builds Database for the Library of Congress

  • As a summer intern at the Library of Congress, Sarah Patrick transformed a print resource into an interactive digital experience.

UMD iSchool Welcomes Seven New Faculty Members

  • With strengths in library and archives innovation, digital curation, criminal justice data science, socio-technical aspects of cybersecurity and privacy, and mis/information in social networks.

UMD iSchool, a Hub of Revolutionary Digital Curation Research and Technology Development

  • Exploring the UMD iSchool's history of being integral to the advancement of digital curation.

The Library's Role in Supporting Health Information Justice During COVID-19

  • Examining the current and future role of libraries in supporting communities.

Remembering Christine Glaab - Law Librarian, Community Volunteer, Ardent Reader, and UMD iSchool Alumna

  • The Christine Glaab Law Librarian Fellowship honors the memory and legacy of Christine Glaab, MLS 1975, by providing support to MLIS students with an interest to serve as an information specialist in the legal field.

School Library Journal: Retire Those Legacy Approaches. It’s Time to Be Bold and Innovative. | Reimagining Libraries, featuring Mega Subramaniam

  • As a part of her crowdsourcing project to reimagine libraries, Mega Subramaniam published her second SLJ article, calling upon people to be bold and innovative.

Prestigious ALISE Awards go to Three UMD iSchool Recipients

  • Dr. Ana Ndumu, Dr. Mega Subramaniam, and PhD Student Shandra Morhouse receive awards for their research work in library and information science.