Research

Research Projects

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Adaptive Heads-up Displays for Simultaneous Interpretation

Principal Investigator: Hal Duame
Investigator: Jordan Boyd-Graber

Interpretation, the task of translating speech from one language to another, is an important tool in settings such as international meetings, travel, or diplomacy. However, simultaneous interpretation, which occurs while the speaker is speaking, is an extremely difficult task. The project aims to create automatic interpretation assistants that will recognize content in the original language and display translations on a display.

Advancing Informal STEM Learning Through Alternate Reality Games

Principal Investigator: Kari Kraus
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Alternate Reality Games (ARGs) create unique opportunities for informal, player-driven STEM learning to occur. 2 large-scale ARGs are created and evaluated by leading game designers, creative artists, researchers, and content experts from Brigham Young University, University of Maryland, the Computer History Museum, the Smithsonian American Art Museum, NASA, Writerguy LLC, and UXR Consulting.

Advancing New Science Learning and Inquiry Experiences via Custom Designed Wearable On-Body Sensing and Visualization

Principal Investigator: Jon Edward Froehlich
Investigator: Tamara Clegg

BodyVis helps elementary school aged children learn about anatomy and physiology by making clothing with sensors and displays to help kids see how their own bodies work. For example, a life-sized pair of lungs on a shirt might light up to show how air flows in and out of a child's lungs in time with their own breathing.

Advancing Personal Informatics through Semi-Automated Tracking

Principal Investigator: Eun Kyoung Choe
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Self-monitoring for older adults and surgical patients can be difficult but beneficial–increased awareness, reduced negative behaviors, goal setting. This research looks at whether combining manual and automatic tracking (semi-automated tracking) can promote user engagement while reducing user burden for the best data collection.

Bering Land Bridge - Alaskan Animal Adaptations Web Page

Principal Investigator: Tamara Clegg
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The Bering Land Bridge National Preserve, one of the most remote and isolated park service sites, hopes to engage with young visitors with an improved Alaska Animal Adaptation web page on its website.

Brown Dog

Principal Investigator: Richard Marciano
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The information age has made it trivial for anyone to create and then share vast amounts of digital data.

C3DaR - Collection, Creation, and Collaboration for Engineering Design and Reflection

Principal Investigator: Niklas Elmqvist
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Innovation is now recognized as critical to economic growth and international competitiveness.

Collaborative Research: Pervasive Data Ethics for Computational Research (PERVADE)

Principal Investigator: Katie Shilton, Jessica Vitak
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Increasingly pervasive data about people enables fundamentally new computational research. Simultaneously, changes in scale, scope, speed, and depth of data availability require reconsideration of ethics for computational research. Much work addressing ethics for big and pervasive data proceeds from first principles, applying traditional tenets of research ethics to computational data research.

Connected Learning at the Library: Developing Librarians' Capacity to Support Today's Digital Youth

Principal Investigator: Mega M Subramaniam Dr. Katie Davis
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This project brings together faculty members from the library and information science (LIS) schools at the University of Washington and University of Maryland and public library partners to develop a suite of professional development resources aimed at building public librarians’ capacity to leverage digital media and connected learning principles to promote 21st century skills among the youth they serve.

Create Thematic Web Exhibits Highlighting Civil Rights Movement NCR Museum Collections

Principal Investigator: Kenneth W. Heger
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Web exhibits highlighting objects associated with the Civil Rights Movement will expand visitor and public access from around the world to the National Capital Region (NCR) museum collections.

Crowdsourcing Urban Bicycle Level of Service Measures

Principal Investigator: Vanessa Frias-Martinez
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The lack of information regarding cycling safety prompts local governments and bicycle associations to look into ways of making cycling in urban areas both more attractive and safer. Using data mining and machine learning techniques, this project can measure bicycle safety from citizens’ complaints and concerns.

Data Analytics for Community Decision-Making

Principal Investigator: Susan Winter
Investigator: Andrew Fellows

The project aims to find out how local communities can benefit from the advances in big data and data analytic technologies and how such technologies can create an innovation-supporting environment to stimulate economic growth in recovering communities.

Data Analytics to Support Innovation Communities

Principal Investigator: Susan Winter
Investigator: Andrew Fellows

Dr. Susan Winter and Andrew Fellows will lead the effort to bring advanced data analytics and business intelligence services to public libraries in Prince George’s County.

Developing a Science Outcomes Inventory and Implementation Framework for Citizen Science Project Evaluation

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Citizen science has strong potential in not only public engagement but also science and conservation outcomes. In order to enable appropriate oversight and decision-­making regarding citizen science investments by the federal government (as well as other funding and governing bodies), the practitioner field needs tools for evaluating production-oriented outcomes, including science outputs beyond publications and citations.

Doctoral Fellowships Supporting Research on Coherence at Scale

Principal Investigator: Douglas W. Oard
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University of Maryland College of Information Studies administered a pre-doctoral fellowship that will support the independent dissertation research that supports the Coherence at Scale Project to their student Ning Gao.

Embracing Participatory Design and Design Thinking in Children and Youth Librarianship

Principal Investigator: Mega M Subramaniam
Investigator: Paul T. Jaeger

The iSchool and the College of Education at the University of Maryland, along with organizations within the American Library Association (ALA), are committed to advancing youth learning in libraries to develop a 12-credit online post-master’s certificate program.

Enhancing Digital Privacy and Security Skills for Low-Socioeconomic Families: Resources for Librarians and Patrons

Principal Investigator: Jessica Vitak
Investigator: Mega M Subramaniam
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Bringing together interdisciplinary faculty from the iSchool, economically disadvantaged/low socioeconomic status (SES) families, and public library partners may help minimize privacy and security challenges that librarians face and risks that low-SES families face using internet and communication technologies (ICTs).

Enhancing Patient-Clinician Communication through Self-Monitoring Data Sharing

Principal Investigator: Eun Kyoung Choe
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There is a need for improved self-monitoring data sharing between patients and clinicians because the types of data from self-monitoring–physical activity, sleep, food, etc.–provide great insights into individuals’ health management, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment plan.

Establishing a Data Curation Program for Agricultural Information

Principal Investigator: Ricardo L. Punzalan
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This collaboration between the iSchool and the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Library (NAL) will help develop a robust data curation infrastructure that safeguards agricultural information and promote their continued discovery and re-use through the utilization of NAL’s extensive collections, digital resources, and staff expertise.

Establishing an Archival/Records Management Partnership to Assist the National Park Service in Managing its Historically Valuable Records in the Washington Office

Principal Investigator: Kenneth W. Heger
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Curated archival collections are primary data sources that provide information for long-term research needs.

Establishing and Testing Best Practices in the Digital Curation of Collections at the National Agricultural Library

Principal Investigator: Ricardo L. Punzalan
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The National Agricultural Library acquires, organizes, provides access to, and preserves agriculture literature and its data for the U.S. Department of Agriculture. It needs research on the best practices for creating and curating its digital collections.

Facilitating Information Exchange in Crowd Problem Solving Discussions

Principal Investigator: Yla Tausczik
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Online communities are a great way for people to post their problems and get solutions through open discussion; however, bias in information exchange in small group discussions could affect crowd discussions.

Finding Levers for Privacy and Security by Design in MobileDevelopment

Principal Investigator: Katie Shilton
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Privacy and data security in mobile applications are necessary for information collection but oftentimes expensive and difficult to implement. This project seeks to study developers’ practices that encourage privacy and security in design and build tools to encourage such practices.

Finding Practices that Cultivate Ethical Computing in Mobile and Wearable Application Research & Development

Principal Investigator: Katie Shilton Adam A. Porter & Elizabeth Lynn Blake & Jonathan Wilkenfeld & Alexander Robert Jonas & Audrey R Tetteh & Devin Hayes Ellis
Investigator: Susan Winter
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This project studies academic and commercial software research and development (R&D) to discover factors that encourage discussion and action on ethical challenges.

Fostering Community-Based Technology Innovation

Principal Investigator: Brian Butler
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This workshop seeks to promote development of multidisciplinary communities through networking, formation of new collaborations, and articulation of a research agenda that will advance understanding, design, and assessment of efforts to foster community-based technological innovation.

Fostering New Collaborations in Open Online Community Data Research: Prototyping an Open Collaboration Data Factory

Principal Investigator: Susan Winter
Investigator: Katie Shilton

Open online communities (OOC) have emerged as significant drivers of innovation, economic activity, and social well-being. But, principles and prototypes for sharing data and detailed methodological approaches have not yet been developed for the study of OOCs.

From Intentional to Enacted Values in a Future Internet Architecture: Values in the Next Phase of Named Data Networking Research

Principal Investigator: Katie Shilton
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Named Data Networking (NDN) aims to redesign the architecture of the Internet, producing not only technical advances, but social impacts on privacy, intellectual property, law enforcement, governance, and political economy.

Global Public Inclusive Infrastructure - Automated Personalization Computing Project

Principal Investigator: Gregg Vanderheiden
Investigator: Kate Vanderheiden

A Global Public Inclusive Infrastructure (GPII) was made to change any devices’ interfaces for people who cannot use technologies due to barriers caused by their level of disability, literacy, and/or digital literacy.

HandSight: Supporting Everyday Activities through Touch-Vision

Principal Investigator: Jon Edward Froehlich
Investigator: Ramalingam Chellappa

HandSight aims to support activities of daily living (ADLs) for people with severe visual impairments by sensing and feeding back non-tactile information about the physical world as it is touched. HandSight consists of tiny cameras and micro-haptic motors on one or more fingers, computer vision algorithms to support recognition, and a smartwatch for output.

Harnessing Existing Device Ecosystems for Anywhere Sensemaking

Principal Investigator: Niklas Elmqvist
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This project seeks to learn how we can use the existing ecosystem of networked devices in our surroundings to make sense of and exploit massive, heterogeneous, and multi-scale data anywhere and at any time.

How Can Investments In Smart Cities Technologies Improve The Lives Of Low-Income, Inner-City Residents

Principal Investigator: Gerrit J. Knaap
Investigator: Vanessa Frias-Martinez

Free public Wi-Fi, autonomous vehicles, web-based curricula and smart transit hubs are some smart cities technologies that have the potential to radically change areas. However, the adoption of new technologies has often created what is known as the "digital divide" and exacerbated disparities in income and wealth. This project will develop a strategic plan for addressing the question: how can investments in smart cities technologies improve the lives of low-income, inner-city residents.

Improving Fedora to Work with Web-scale Storage and Services

Principal Investigator: Richard Marciano
Investigator: Greg Jansen

The Digital Curation Innovation Center plans to improve the performance and scalability of the Fedora Repository for the Fedora community by researching, developing, and testing software architectures.

Inclusive Wearable Technologies

Principal Investigator:
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With the popularity of personal tracking devices like the Fitbit Flex and Nike Fuel Band, and the introduction of Google Glass, wearable devices are entering the mainstream.

Information Infrastructure for Society: Integrating Data Science and Social Science in Graduate Education and Workforce Development

Principal Investigator: Frauke Kreuter
Investigator: Brian Butler

This National Science Foundation Research Traineeship (NRT) award in the Innovations in Graduate Education (IGE) Track to the University of Maryland will pilot an innovative, cross-disciplinary curriculum that integrates Data Science with Social Science. The project advances the understanding of how best to train students and working professionals in the STEM fields, particularly social science.

Infrastructure and Technology Support for Citizen Science Data Use and Distribution for Education and Sustainability

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Investigator: Jennifer J. Preece

The effective distribution and use of data science from a citizen science project needs an integrated cyberinfrastructure development and research project.

Innovations in Development: Community-Driven Project That Adapt Technology for Environmental Learning in Nature Preserves

Principal Investigator: Jennifer J. Preece
Investigator: Tamara Clegg

The Innovations in Development project will engage members of diverse communities associated with three partner nature preserves in Maryland, North Carolina, and Colorado, who will develop and carry out technology assisted science projects.

Internships to Increase Public Access to Archival Resources in National Capital Region Parks

Principal Investigator: Kenneth W. Heger
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The National Park Service and the iSchool have collaborated to create an internship program in which students learn about existing archival resources as well as assist in developing and implementing a strategy to locate, identify, and survey archival records throughout National Capital Region parks.

Mapping Privacy and Surveillance Dynamics in Emerging Mobile Ecosystems: Practices and Contexts in the Netherlands and US

Principal Investigator: Jessica Vitak
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Mobile devices are efficient and convenient, but also increase the potential for more pervasive forms of digitally mediated surveillance by media companies, marketers, governments, employers, and Internet Service Providers. This project evaluates mobile users’ mental models of privacy.

Measuring the Impact of Digital Repositories Workshop Proposal

Principal Investigator: Ricardo L. Punzalan
Investigator: Adam Kriesberg

This workshop hopes to identify the current metrics, tools, and practices that are effective in recording the impact of digital data storage, and the issues that will require additional research.

NatureNet - Community-Driven Environmental Projects (C-DEP)

Principal Investigator: Jennifer J. Preece, Tamara Clegg
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The Community-Driven Environmental Projects (C-DEP) model is a multi-university research endeavor funded by the NSF AISL program with an objective to engage members of diverse communities in local nature and environmental conservation projects of their choosing.

Public Health, Nanotechnology, and Mobility (PHeNoM)

Principal Investigator: Katie Shilton
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PheNoM takes advantage of technology with smartphone applications and a small device that fits over the smartphone camera to analyze blood samples. A critical component of success of PheNoM devices and biometrics will be to understand their fit into relevant social contexts, including those of patients and medical providers, concerned consumers, and existing bio-medical institutions.

RERC on Universal Interface and Information Technology Access

Principal Investigator: Gregg Vanderheiden
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The Global Public Inclusive Infrastructure (GPII) will be tested in libraries with a focus on serving users with disabilities. Also, a tool will be developed to help people find and use assistive technologies and access features in everyday technologies.

RI: Medium: Collaborative Research: Closing the User-Model Loop for Understanding Topics in Large Document Collections

Principal Investigator: Jordan Boyd-Graber
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This project brings together machine learning researchers and human-computer interaction researchers to build effective environments for information exploration.

Safely Searching Among Sensitive Content

Principal Investigator: Douglas W. Oard
Investigator: Katie Shilton

When using today’s search engines, people can not yet search some government records or unprocessed archives because of intermixed information that may need to be protected. This is a direct consequence from current search engines only being able to protect sensitive content if that sensitive content has been marked in advance. This project will address this challenge by creating a new class of search algorithms that are designed to balance the searcher's interest in finding relevant content with the content provider's interest in protecting sensitive content.

Scaling Up Mobile Accessibility Through Touchscreen Personalization

Principal Investigator:
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By the end of 2013, both Microsoft and Apple predict that touchscreen-based tablets will outsell PCs. With this transition comes the critical need to ensure that touchscreens are accessible for the broadest range of users.

ScienceKit for Science Everywhere - A Seamless Scientizing Ecosystem for Raising Scientifically-Minded Children

Principal Investigator: Tamara Clegg
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This project designs and implements ubiquitous technology tools to help children in the United States, especially those in lower socioeconomic status neighborhoods, who face systematic challenges in connecting science learning across school, home, and informal experiences.

Strengthening School Libraries by Expanding the Lilead Fellows Program

Principal Investigator: Ann C. Weeks
Investigator: Christie Kodama

Expanding the Lilead Fellows Program from one cohort to a sustainable program available to all library leaders in school districts across the country would allow more school library leaders to carry out the vision of the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA).

The Development of Ethical Cultures in Computer Security Research

Principal Investigator: Katie Shilton
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Computer security researchers must navigate ethical dilemmas about how to use big data and shared networked resources to discover vulnerabilities; how to safely expose these problems; and how to best ensure that critical vulnerabilities are fixed.

University of Maryland College of Information Studies Digital Curation Fellows Program at the National Agricultural Library

Principal Investigator: Ricardo L. Punzalan
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This fellows program advances a new field of study and builds a workforce in the field of digital curation and user access with an emphasis on agriculture and agricultural informatics.

Valuing Our Scans: Understanding the Impacts of Digitized Native American Ethnographic Archives

Principal Investigator: Ricardo L. Punzalan
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Valuing Our Scans (VoS) is a 3-year, mixed methods research project that will help cultural heritage institutions evaluate the use and impact of digitized ethnographic archives.

Virtual Observatory of Innovation Communities and Ecosystems (VOICE): Advancing Big Data with Ecology Theory and Data Science

Principal Investigator: Ping Wang
Investigator: Brian Butler, Yla Tausczik

The newly approved information science undergraduate program with an initial specialization in data science allows researchers to recognize the new opportunities to enhance both the intellectual merit and the broader impacts of the VOICE project, effectively integrating research with undergraduate education.

Virtual Reunification of Dispersed Archival Photographs: Adding Value to Large-Scale Digital Aggregations

Principal Investigator: Ricardo L. Punzalan Trevor Munoz
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The iSchool and the Maryland Institute for Technology in the Humanities (MITH) seeks to collaborate to develop specific plans for incorporating virtual reunification of dispersed photograph and image collections.